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Fagonia indica; A Review on Chemical Constituents, Traditional Uses and Pharmacological Activities


Kashif Ali and Haroon Khan*   Pages 1 - 13 ( 13 )


The family Zygophyllaceae has almost 22 genera and more than 250 species. Fagonia is an important genus which belong to this family. This genus comprises of abundant species which grows in different phytogeographical regions of the world. These species grow in different environmental conditions. Fagonia indica belongs to Zygophyllaceae. It is commonly known as Dhamasa, Dhamana, Sachi booti and Shoka’a and is found in deserts of Asia and Africa. The species of this family are of very high importance since very long time. This article is a review based on different studies regarding occurrence, phytochemistry, traditional uses, biochemical constituents and therapeutic uses of F. indica. Available literature review provided base for this review. The presence of flavonoids, saponins, tannins, glycosides, pectin and alkaloids were confirmed by different researchers. F. indica is very important medicinal plant because it has different therapeutic and traditional uses such as antidiabetic, anticancer, antileshminial, antipyretic, antiinflammatory, laxative, gastroprotective, hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects. Further in vitro and in vivo studies should be carried out find the exact mechanisms of actions for better scientific evidences.


Fagonia indica; phytochemistry; traditional uses; pharmacological profile; therapeutic potential; future prospects; Nutritious value.


Department of Pharmacy, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan 23200, Department of Pharmacy, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan 23200

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