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Suicide and Suicide Attempts in Elderly Patients: An Epidemiological Analysis of Risk Factors and Prevention

[ Vol. 27 , Issue. 19 ]

Author(s):

Marta Makara-Studzińska, Siva G. Somasundaram, Joanna Halicka, Agata Madej, Jerzy Leszek, Mohd Rehan, Ghulam M. Ashraf, Liliya V. Gavryushova, Vladimir N. Nikolenko, Liudmila M. Mikhaleva, Cristian Muresanu, Cecil E. Kirkland, Marco Avila-Rodriguez* and Gjumrakch Aliev*   Pages 2231 - 2236 ( 6 )

Abstract:


A number of elderly patients commit suicide due to the interaction of various factors, including, for example, feelings of loneliness, financial distress, alcohol abuse, chronic pain, progressive diseases, and personality disorders. The data from the EU countries with the highest rates of suicide and suicide attempts among people over 55 years of age warrant the consideration of new approaches to address this social problem.

Methods: PubMed and other databases, including Polish National data, were used for the analyses.

Results: The average European suicide-attempt rate is 18 per 100 thousand inhabitants. More cases of suicides were reported among those over 55 years of age. Suicide attempts from the year 2012 to 2014 and deaths in 2012 have been reviewed. The risk factors involved in these events, such as depression and social situations including loneliness, health condition, etc., have been discussed to suggest a plausible preventative approach for this important elderly problem.

Conclusion: The psychophysiology of elderly persons affected by retirement, socio-economic changes, limited personal autonomy, loneliness, lack of support by the family, and diseases ultimately may lead elderly patients to commit suicide. Thus, financial freedom, family support (respect, love, and care), proper medications, psychological and psychiatric interventions may help the elderly avoid suicidal thoughts and prevent attempts.

Keywords:

Suicide and suicide attempt, elderly, psychology, gerontology, geriatrics, chronic pain, personality disorder, life quality.

Affiliation:

Department of Applied Psychology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Department of Biological Sciences, Salem University, Salem WV 26426, Department of Psychiatry, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Department of Applied Psychology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Department of Psychiatry, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saratov State Medical University named after V.I. Razumovsky, 410012, Saratov, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University), 8/2 Trubetskaya Str., Moscow, 119991, Federal State Budgetary Institution «Research Institute of Human Morphology», 3, Tsyurupy Str., Moscow, 117418, Russian Federation, Romanian Television, TVR Cluj, 160 Donath Street, Cluj-Napoca, CJ 400293, Department of Biological Sciences, Salem University, Salem WV 26426, Health Sciences Faculty, Clinic Sciences Department, University of Tolima, 730006 Ibague, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University), 8/2 Trubetskaya Str., Moscow, 119991



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