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Generative Adversarial Networks in Medical Image Processing

[ Vol. 27 , Issue. 15 ]

Author(s):

Meiqin Gong, Siyu Chen, Qingyuan Chen, Yuanqi Zeng and Yongqing Zhang*   Pages 1856 - 1868 ( 13 )

Abstract:


Background: The emergence of generative adversarial networks (GANs) has provided new technology and framework for the application of medical images. Specifically, a GAN requires little to no labeled data to obtain high-quality data that can be generated through competition between the generator and discriminator networks. Therefore, GANs are rapidly proving to be a state-of-the-art foundation, achieving enhanced performances in various medical applications.

Methods: In this article, we introduce the principles of GANs and their various variants, deep convolutional GAN, conditional GAN, Wasserstein GAN, Info-GAN, boundary equilibrium GAN, and cycle-GAN.

Results: All various GANs have found success in medical imaging tasks, including medical image enhancement, segmentation, classification, reconstruction, and synthesis. Furthermore, we summarize the data processing methods and evaluation indicators. Finally, we note the limitations of existing methods and the existing challenges that need to be addressed in this field.

Conclusion: Although GANs are in the initial stage of development in medical image processing, it will have a great prospect in the future.

Keywords:

Generative adversarial networks, medical image processing, deep learning, segmentation, reconstruction, synthesis.

Affiliation:

West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, School of Computer Science, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, School of Computer Science, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, School of Computer Science, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, School of Computer Science, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225



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