Shengli Zhang*, Jiesheng Wang, Zhenhui Lin and Yunyun Liang Pages 1 - 12 ( 12 )
Background: Drug-Target interactions are vital for drug design and drug repositioning. However, traditional lab experiments are both expensive and time-consuming. Various computational methods which applied machine learning techniques performed efficiently and effectively in the field.
Results: The machine learning methods can be divided into three categories basically: Supervised methods, SemiSupervised methods and Unsupervised methods. We reviewed recent representative methods applying machine learning techniques of each category in DTIs and summarized a brief list of databases frequently used in drug discovery. In addition, we compared the advantages and limitations of these methods in each category.
Conclusion: Every prediction model has its both strengths and weaknesses and should be adopted in proper ways. Three major problems in DTIs prediction including the lack of nonreactive drug-target pairs data sets, overoptimistic results due to the biases and the exploiting of regression models on DTIs prediction should be seriously considered.
drug-target interactions prediction, drug discovery, machine learning, computational methods, supervised learning, semi-supervised learning, unsupervised learning
School of Mathematics and Statistics, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, School of Mathematics and Statistics, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, School of Mathematics and Statistics, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, School of Science, Xi’an Polytechnic University, Xi’an 710048