Phuong H.L. Tran, Beom-Jin Lee and Thao T.D. Tran* Pages 1 - 12 ( 12 )
Aspirin has emerged as a promising intervention in cancer in the past decade. However, there are existing controversies regarding the anticancer properties of aspirin as its mechanism of action has not been clearly defined. In addition, the risk of bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract from aspirin is another consideration that requires medical and pharmaceutical scientists to work together to develop more potent and safe aspirin therapy in cancer. This review presents the most recent studies of aspirin with regard to its role in cancer prevention and treatment demonstrated by highlighted clinical trials, mechanisms of action as well as approaches to develop aspirin therapy best beneficial to cancer patients. Hence, this review provides readers with an overview of aspirin research in cancer that covers not only the unique features of aspirin, which differentiates aspirin from other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), but also strategies that can be used in the development of drug delivery systems carrying aspirin for cancer management. These studies convey optimistic messages on continuing efforts of scientist on the way of developing an effective therapy for even patients with a low response to current cancer treatments.
aspirin, cancer, mechanism of action, prevention, treatment, drug delivery systems.
Deakin University, School of Medicine, IMPACT, Institute for innovation in Physical and Mental health and Clinical Translation, Geelong, College of Pharmacy, Ajou University, Suwon, Department for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City