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Qiliqiangxin Prescription Promotes Angiogenesis of Hypoxic Primary Rat Cardiac Microvascular Endothelial Cells via Regulating miR-21 Signaling

[ Vol. 27 , Issue. 26 ]

Author(s):

Yanyan Wang*, Jingjing Zhang, Mingqiang Fu, Jingfeng Wang, Xiaotong Cui, Yu Song, Xueting Han, Yuan Liu, Jingmin Zhou* and Junbo Ge*   Pages 2966 - 2974 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background and Objective: Angiogenesis is the most important repair process of tissues subjected to ischemic injury. The present study aims to investigate whether the pro-angiogenic effect of Qiliqiangxin prescription (QL) is mediated through miR-21 signaling.

Methods: Cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) were isolated and cultured from 2-3 weeks old SD rats by the method of planting myocardium tissues. The purity was identified by CD31 immunofluorescence staining. CMECs were then cultured under 1% O2 hypoxia or normoxia condition for 24h in the presence or absence of QL pretreatment (QL, 0.5mg/ml, 24h). The mimics and inhibitors of miR-21 were transfected into CMECs. miR-21, HIF-1α, and VEGF expressions of CMECs were then detected by qRT-PCR and/or Western blot. The proliferation, migration, and tube formation functions of CMECs were assessed using the BrdU assay, wound healing test, and tube formation assay, respectively.

Results: The results showed that compared with the control group, hypoxia significantly upregulated the expression of miR-21 and impaired CMECs proliferation, migration, and tube formation functions. Compared with the hypoxia group, QL further upregulated miR-21, HIF-1α, and VEGF expressions, and improved cell proliferation, migration, and tube formation of hypoxic CMECs. These effects of QL were abolished by a knockdown of miR-21. Conversely, treatment with miR-21 mimics further enhanced QL induced changes in hypoxic CMECs.

Conclusion: Results indicate that the pro-angiogenesis effects of QL on hypoxic CMECs are mediated by activating miR-21 and its downstream HIF-1α/VEGF pathway possibly.

Keywords:

Qiliqiangxin prescription, cardiac microvascular endothelial cells, hypoxia, miR-21, angiogenesis, proliferation.

Affiliation:

Department of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, 200032, Shanghai, Department of Cardiology, Zoucheng Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University, 273500, Jining, Shandong, Department of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, 200032, Shanghai, Department of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, 200032, Shanghai, Department of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, 200032, Shanghai, Department of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, 200032, Shanghai, Department of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, 200032, Shanghai, Department of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, 200032, Shanghai, Department of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, 200032, Shanghai, Department of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, 200032, Shanghai



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