Antonio Cepeda-Benito* Pages 2316 - 2326 ( 11 )
How people become addicted to cigarette smoking and remain addicted despite repeated attempts to quit requires piecing together a rather complex puzzle. The present review contextualizes the role of nicotine and smoking sensory stimulation on maintaining smoking, describes nicotine’s effects on feeding behavior and body weight, and explores the impact of smoking outcome expectancies, including the belief that nicotine suppresses appetite and body weight, on the decision to smoke or vape (use of e-cigarettes). The analysis concludes with a review of rat models of human nicotine intake that attempt to isolate the effects of nicotine on appetite and weight gain. Animal research replicates with relative closeness phenomena observed in smokers, but the rat model falls short of replicating the long-term weight gain observed post-smoking cessation.
Smoking, vaping, nicotine, weight gain, food intake, reduced nicotine, E-cigarettes.
Department of Psychological Science, Department of Medicine, University of Vermont Cancer Center, University of Vermont, Vermont