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Nanoparticles-mediated Brain Imaging and Disease Prognosis by Conventional as well as Modern Modal Imaging Techniques: a Comparison

[ Vol. 25 , Issue. 24 ]

Author(s):

Cheng-Tang Pan, Wei-Hsi Chang, Ajay Kumar, Satya P. Singh, Aman Chandra Kaushik, Jyotsna Sharma, Zheng-Jing Long, Zhi-Hong Wen, Sunil Kumar Mishra, Chung-Kun Yen, Ravi Kumar Chaudhary and Yow-Ling Shiue*   Pages 2637 - 2649 ( 13 )

Abstract:


Background: Multimodal imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis of brain disorders. Neurological disorders need to be diagnosed at an early stage for their effective treatment as later, it is very difficult to treat them. If possible, diagnosing at an early stage can be much helpful in curing the disease with less harm to the body. There is a need for advanced and multimodal imaging techniques for the same. This paper provides an overview of conventional as well as modern imaging techniques for brain diseases, specifically for tumor imaging. In this paper, different imaging modalities are discussed for tumor detection in the brain along with their advantages and disadvantages. Conjugation of two and more than two modalities provides more accurate information rather than a single modality. They can monitor and differentiate the cellular processes of normal and diseased condition with more clarity. The advent of molecular imaging, including reporter gene imaging, has opened the door of more advanced noninvasive detection of brain tumors. Due to specific optical properties, semiconducting polymer-based nanoparticles also play a pivotal role in imaging tumors.

Objective: The objective of this paper is to review nanoparticles-mediated brain imaging and disease prognosis by conventional as well as modern modal imaging techniques.

Conclusion: We reviewed in detail various medical imaging techniques. This paper covers recent developments in detail and elaborates a possible research aspect for the readers in the field.

Keywords:

Brain, tumor, multimodal imaging, reporter gene imaging, nanoparticles, modalities.

Affiliation:

Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung City 804, Department of Emergency Medicine, Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung City 804, School of EEE, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Ave, State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, ShanghaiJia Tong University, Shanghai 200240, Amity School of Applied Sciences, Amity University Haryana, Gurugram-122413, Manesai, Panchgaon, Haryana, Department of Emergency Medicine, Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Patronage Institute of Management Studies, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung City 804, School of Biotechnology, Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pardesh, India, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung City 804



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