Niki Katsiki, Dragana Nikolic, Giuseppe Montalto, Maciej Banach, Dimitri P. Mikhailidis and Manfredi Rizzo Pages 3124 - 3131 ( 8 )
Dyslipidemia, and especially atherogenic dyslipidemia, a combination of small low-density lipoproteins cholesterol (LDL-C), decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and increased triglyceride (TG) concentrations, represents a major cardiovascular (CV) risk factor. Nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are involved in the regulation of lipid metabolism; PPAR ligands are used to treat dyslipidemias.
Fibrates have a major impact on TG metabolism as well as on modulating LDL size and subclasses. Fibrates target atherogenic dyslipidemia by increasing plasma HDL-C concentrations and decreasing small dense LDL (sdLDL) particles and TGs, thus contributing to dyslipidemia management, particularly in patients with diabetes (DM) or the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Furthermore, fibrates exert beneficial effects on adipokines, inflammation and oxidative stress as well as neuroprotective properties. However, further studies are needed to define the role of fibrates in the prevention of CV events. We review the effects of fibrates on atherogenic dyslipidemia and CV risk reduction.
Fibrates, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular risk, diabetes.
Academic Head Dept. of Clinical Biochemistry (Vascular Disease Prevention Clinics), Royal Free Hospital campus, University College London Medical School, University College London (UCL), Pond Street, London NW3 2QG, UK.