Egle Milia, Enzo Cumbo, Rielson Jose A. Cardoso and Giuseppe Gallina Pages 5542 - 5552 ( 11 )
Adhesive dentistry is based on the development of materials which establish an effective bond with the tooth tissues. In this context, adhesive systems have attracted considerable research interest in recent years. Successful adhesive bonding depends on the chemistry of the adhesive, on appropriate clinical handling of the material as well as on the knowledge of the morphological changes caused on dental tissue by different bonding procedures.
This paper outlines the status of contemporary adhesive systems, with particular emphasis on chemical characteristics and mode of interaction of the adhesives with enamel and dentinal tissues.
Dental adhesives are used for several clinical applications and they can be classified based on the clinical regimen in “etch-and-rinse adhesives” and “self-etch adhesives”. Other important considerations concern the different anatomical characteristics of enamel and dentine which are involved in the bonding procedures that have also implications for the technique used as well as for the quality of the bond. Etch-and-rinse adhesive systems generally perform better on enamel than self-etching systems which may be more suitable for bonding to dentine.
In order to avoid a possible loss of the restoration, secondary caries or pulp damage due to bacteria penetration or due to cytotoxicity effects of eluted adhesive components, careful consideration of several factors is essential in selecting the suitable bonding procedure and adhesive system for the individual patient situation .
Dental adhesive, enamel, dentine, composite resin, phosphoric acid, tooth tissues, secondary caries, pulp damage, bacteria, cytotoxicity.
Dept of Conservative Dentistry, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.