Call for Papers  

Article Details

Review Article

pLoc_bal-mPlant: Predict Subcellular Localization of Plant Proteins by General PseAAC and Balancing Training Dataset

[ Vol. 24 , Issue. 34 ]


Xiang Cheng*, Xuan Xiao and Kuo-Chen Chou   Pages 4013 - 4022 ( 10 )


Knowledge of protein subcellular localization is vitally important for both basic research and drug development. With the avalanche of protein sequences emerging in the post-genomic age, it is highly desired to develop computational tools for timely and effectively identifying their subcellular localization based on the sequence information alone. Recently, a predictor called “pLoc-mPlant” was developed for identifying the subcellular localization of plant proteins. Its performance is overwhelmingly better than that of the other predictors for the same purpose, particularly in dealing with multi-label systems in which some proteins, called “multiplex proteins”, may simultaneously occur in two or more subcellular locations. Although it is indeed a very powerful predictor, more efforts are definitely needed to further improve it. This is because pLoc-mPlant was trained by an extremely skewed dataset in which some subsets (i.e., the protein numbers for some subcellular locations) were more than 10 times larger than the others. Accordingly, it cannot avoid the biased consequence caused by such an uneven training dataset. To overcome such biased consequence, we have developed a new and bias-free predictor called pLoc_bal-mPlant by balancing the training dataset. Cross-validation tests on exactly the same experimentconfirmed dataset have indicated that the proposed new predictor is remarkably superior to pLoc-mPlant, the existing state-of-the-art predictor in identifying the subcellular localization of plant proteins. To maximize the convenience for the majority of experimental scientists, a user-friendly web-server for the new predictor has been established at, by which users can easily get their desired results without the need to go through the detailed mathematics.


Multi-label system, plant proteins, balance treatment, 5-step rules, PseAAC, ML-GKR, Chou's intuitive metrics.


The Gordon Life Science Institute, Boston, MA 02478, The Gordon Life Science Institute, Boston, MA 02478, The Gordon Life Science Institute, Boston, MA 02478

Read Full-Text article