Ali Sartaj, Sanjula Baboota and Javed Ali*
Purpose: The available conventional treatment for breast cancer, like surgery, hormonal, radiation, and chemotherapy, given alone or in combination, is commonly used. Due to broad and diverse side effects, toxicity, and multi-drug resistance, chemotherapy has limited use and less effective treatment. In this review, anti-cancer drugs used in combination with phytoconstituents approaches have been summarised. It has been anticipated that this could be a promising and effective strategy for breast cancer treatment.
Methods: This review is conducted based on relevant literature using the keywords presented in the title, abstract, and keywords. The available literature search in PubMed, ScienceDirect, MedlinePlus, and Google scholar up to May 2021. A total of 47 articles were selected out of 168 articles based on inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Results: The significant drawbacks of available conventional treatment, especially chemotherapy, are low bioavailability for absorption at the specific site of tumor cells, development of multi-drug resistance, and high dose-related to various side effects. The phytoconstituents have anticancerous properties and chemotherapeutic agents that find a promising and potential therapeutics modality. Many in vitro and in vivo studies showed that phytoconstituents could enhance the effectiveness of chemotherapy drugs for breast cancer treatment.
Conclusion: The combination approaches of phytoconstituents with chemotherapeutic drugs give less toxicity to normal cells, reduce side effects, and overcome the multi-drug resistance, making the combination approaches an effective strategy.
Breast cancer, phytoconstituents, chemotherapy, combination approaches, toxicity, side effects, multi-drug resistance
Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi-110062, Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi-110062, Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi-110062