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Prevention Knowledge and Its Practice Towards COVID-19 Among General Population of Saudi Arabia: A Gender-based Perspective

Author(s):

Freah Alshammary, Ammar Ahmed Siddiqui*, Junaid Amin, Muhammad Ilyas, Hassaan Anwer Rathore, Ibne Hassan, Mohammad Khursheed Alam and Mohammad Amjad Kamal   Pages 1 - 7 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: This study is an original contribution to the gender-based perspective of measuring knowledge and practice towards COVID-19 among Saudi population.

Objective: This study investigates the existing knowledge of COVID-19 among both genders and its likely use in practice to combat COVID-19.

Design and Setting: Cross sectional study with an online survey and data collected from all the five regions of Saudi Arabia. Participants and Method: A structured, self-reported validated questionnaire was developed based on the World Health Organization (WHO) general public advice towards COVID-19 prevention. This study has employed snow-ball sampling technique. Sample Size: 627 participants (Male n=343, 54.7%) and (Females n=284, 45.3%).

Results: This study has found that women not only carry better knowledge, but their practicing behavior is far better than the male respondents. Females practiced their knowledge of hands hygiene more in comparison to males (86% vs 80 %, p >0.05). Female respondents were also practicing more about sneezing/coughing into their elbows as compared to males(79 % vs 71%, p < 0.05). Likewise, the practice of knowledge of staying at home to prevent infection (females 98.2 % vs males 95.5%, p > 0.05), and (females 83.2 % vs males 81.5%, p > 0.05) respectively.

Conclusion: This study shows that women were more compliant to the WHO public health covid-19 prevention advice than men which can decrease the chances of covid-19 infection.

Keywords:

COVID-19, Corona virus, Preventive Knowledge, Practice, Saudi males and females, gender based

Affiliation:

College of Dentistry, Preventive Dental Sciences, University of Hail, Ha'il, College of Dentistry, Preventive Dental Sciences, University of Hail, Ha'il, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hail, Ha'il, College of Business Management, University of Hail, Ha'il, College of Pharmacy, University of Hail, Ha'il, College of Business Management, University of Hail, Ha'il, College of Dentistry, Preventive Dental Sciences Sakakah, Jouf University, King Fahad Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah



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