Nimmy Kumari and Animesh Ghosh* Pages 4858 - 4882 ( 25 )
Cocrystallization is a widely accepted and clinically relevant technique that has prospered very well over the past decades to potentially modify the physicochemical properties of existing active pharmaceutic ingredients (APIs) without compromising their therapeutic benefits. Over time, it has become an integral part of the pre-formulation stage of drug development because of its ability to yield cocrystals with improved properties in a way that other traditional methods cannot easily achieve. Cocrystals are solid crystalline materials composed of two or more than two molecules which are non-covalently bonded in the same crystal lattice. Due to the continuous efforts of pharmaceutical scientists and crystal engineers, today cocrystals have emerged as a cutting edge tool to modulate poor physicochemical properties of APIs such as solubility, permeability, bioavailability, improving poor mechanical properties and taste masking. The success of cocrystals can be traced back by looking at the number of products that are getting regulatory approval. At present, many cocrystals have obtained regulatory approval and they successfully made into the market place followed by a fair number of cocrystals that are currently in the clinical phases. Considering all these facts about cocrystals, the formulation scientists have been inspired to undertake more relevant research to extract out maximum benefits. Here in this review cocrystallization technique will be discussed in detail with respect to its background, different synthesis approaches, synthesis mechanism, application and improvements in drug delivery systems and its regulatory perspective.
cocrystals, crystal engineering, cocrystallization, regulatory implications.
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi - 835215, Jharkhand, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi - 835215, Jharkhand