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Current Status and Emerging Trend of Nanoshuttle in Biological Applications

Author(s):

Pravin Shende* and Pragya Sharma   Pages 1 - 10 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Nanoshuttles are unique structures which resemble double-headed arrows or a nanorod with sharp tips for better penetration into the tumor cells, reduction of toxicity and minimization of off-targeting effect. These biologically-inspired multimetallic or bimetallic nanoswimmers are capable of transporting cargoes from one end to another via self-propulsion in efficient manner. Encapsulation with pH- and heat-sensitive polymers allows nanoshuttles to release cargos at the targeted site in a controlled fashion. This review article focuses on the methods of preparation and characterization of nanoshuttles with applications in the field of antineoplastic, antibacterial, erectile dysfunction, electrochemical biosensing, anticounterfeiting, on-demand and targeted delivery system for imaging as well as cell ablation therapy. Magnetic nanoshuttles exhibit modified optical properties for utilization in diagnostic imaging for sensitive and early diagnosis of diseases. Smart drug delivery is achieved when nanoshuttles are combined with nanomotors to exhibit distinctive, rapid and unidirectional movement in the bloodstream. Cost-effective synthesis of nanoshuttles will extend their applications in the commercial sectors by overcoming the limitations like scale-up and regulatory approval. In the near future, nanoshuttles will diversify in the fields of energy conversion, energy storage, 3D printing, stem cell fabrication and theranostics.

Keywords:

Nanoshuttles, superparamagnetic, optical properties, nanomotor, Smart drug delivery, energy conversion.

Affiliation:

Shobhaben Pratapbhai Patel School of Pharmacy and Technology Management, SVKM’S NMIMS, V. L. Mehta Road, Vile Parle (W), Mumbai, Shobhaben Pratapbhai Patel School of Pharmacy and Technology Management, SVKM’S NMIMS, V. L. Mehta Road, Vile Parle (W), Mumbai



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