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Antitumor Effects of Docetaxel in Truncated Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor- Functionalized Liposomes Delivered by d-α-tocopheryl Polyethylene Glycol 2000 Succinate

[ Vol. 26 , Issue. 34 ]

Author(s):

Jiaolin Wen, Zhoufeng Wang, Neng Qiu, Huili Liu, Xiaoming Shu, Zejiang Zhu, Peng Bai, Li Yang and Lijuan Chen*   Pages 4338 - 4348 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Background: PEGylation of stealth liposomes elevates their stability and prolongs plasma half-life. Stealth liposomes modified with targeting ligands are expected to be ideal drug delivery carriers.

Objective: To encapsulate docetaxel in tbFGF (truncated basic fibroblast growth factor)-functionalized liposomes with mPEG2000-VE (d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate, TPGS2K) and measure their antitumor effects in vitro and in vivo.

Methods: TPGS2K and COOH-PEG2000-VE were synthesized, and tbFGF was conjugated to COOH-PEG2000-VE to prepare tbFGF-PEG2000-VE. Then, tbFGF-functionalized liposomes (DTX-tbFGF-LPs) were prepared by inserting tbFGF-PEG2000-VE into docetaxel liposomes comprising TPGS2K (DTX-PEG-LPs). The stabilities and drug release profiles of the formulation were evaluated. P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibition was measured by ATPase assay. MTT and cell uptake were measured with B16 cells. A B16 C57BL/6 mouse model was used to evaluate in vivo antitumor efficacy.

Results: Both DTX-PEG-LPs and DTX-tbFGF-LPs exhibited good stability and sustained drug release. MTT, flow cytometry, and fluorescence microscopy of B16 cells revealed higher antitumor activity and more efficient cell uptake for DTX-tbFGF-LPs compared with DTX-PEG-LPs and DTX-LPs. The P-gp ATPase assay showed that both PEG-LP and tbFGF-PEG-LP formulations inhibited P-gp pump activity in vitro. DTX-tbFGF-LPs had the highest antitumor efficacy and lowest toxicity in vivo.

Conclusion: Truncated basic fibroblast growth factor-functionalized liposomes with TPGS2K as drug delivery nanocarriers were effective chemotherapy agents targeting FGFR-overexpressing tumors.

Keywords:

Truncated basic human fibroblast growth factor, d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene 2000 glycol succinate, docetaxel, liposome, antitumor.

Affiliation:

State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University and Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Chengdu, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University and Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Chengdu, Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Engineering, College of Materials and Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University and Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Chengdu, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University and Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Chengdu, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University and Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Chengdu, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University and Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Chengdu, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University and Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Chengdu, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University and Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Chengdu



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