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Nose to Brain Delivery of Nanocarriers Towards Attenuation of Demented Condition

[ Vol. 26 , Issue. 19 ]

Author(s):

Bapi Gorain*, Davinaa C. Rajeswary, Manisha Pandey, Prashant Kesharwani, Santosh A. Kumbhar and Hira Choudhury*   Pages 2233 - 2246 ( 14 )

Abstract:


Increasing incidence of demented patients around the globe with limited FDA approved conventional therapies requires pronounced research attention for the management of the demented conditions in the growing elderly population in the developing world. Dementia of Alzheimer’s type is a neurodegenerative disorder, where conventional therapies are available for symptomatic treatment of the disease but possess several peripheral toxicities due to lack of brain targeting. Nanotechnology based formulations via intranasal (IN) routes of administration have shown to improve therapeutic efficacy of several therapeutics via circumventing blood-brain barrier and limited peripheral exposure. Instead of numerous research on polymeric and lipid-based nanocarriers in the improvement of therapeutic chemicals and peptides in preclinical research, a step towards clinical studies still requires wide-ranging data on safety and efficacy. This review has focused on current approaches of nanocarrierbased therapies on Alzheimer’s disease (AD) via the IN route for polymeric and lipid-based nanocarriers for the improvement of therapeutic efficacy and safety. Moreover, the clinical application of IN nanocarrier-based delivery of therapeutics to the brain needs a long run; however, proper attention towards AD therapy via this platform could bring a new era for the AD patients.

Keywords:

Alzheimer's disease, intranasal, olfactory, polymeric nanoparticles, lipid-based nanocarriers, clinical perspective.

Affiliation:

School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Taylor’s University, Subang Jaya, Selangor, 47500, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Taylor’s University, Subang Jaya, Selangor, 47500, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, School of Pharmacy, International Medical University, Jalan Jalil Perkasa, Bukit Jalil, 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, Department of Pharmaceutics, Marathwada Mitra Mandals, College of Pharmacy, Thergaon, Pune, Maharashtra, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, School of Pharmacy, International Medical University, Jalan Jalil Perkasa, Bukit Jalil, 57000, Kuala Lumpur



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