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Photodynamic Therapy of Psoriasis Using Photosensitizers of Vegetable Origin

[ Vol. 25 , Issue. 20 ]

Author(s):

Marcos L. Bruschi*, Jéssica Bassi da Silva and Hélen C. Rosseto   Pages 2279 - 2291 ( 13 )

Abstract:


Psoriasis is an immune-mediated, chronic and recurrent inflammatory skin disease, prevalent worldwide, and represents an important burden in life quality of patients. The most common clinical variant is termed as psoriasis vulgaris or plaque psoriasis, which with an individualized and carefully monitored therapy can decrease the patients’ morbidity and improving their life quality. The aim is to achieve disease control, minimize the adverse drug effects, and tailor the treatment to individual patient factors. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is based on local or systemic administration of a non-toxic photosensitizer followed by irradiation with a particular wavelength to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS), mainly highly cytotoxic singlet oxygen (1O2). The generation of these species results in the attack to substrates involved in biological cycles causing necrosis and apoptosis of affected tissues. Photosensitizers are found in natural products and also obtained by partial syntheses from abundant natural starting compounds. They can be isolated at low cost and in large amounts from plants or algae. Therefore, this manuscript reviews the use of molecules from vegetal sources as photosensitizer agents for the PDT of psoriasis. Psoriasis pathogenesis, management and treatment were reviewed. PDT principles, fundamentals and utilization for the treatment of psoriasis were also discussed. Photosensitizers for PDT of psoriasis are also reviewed focusing on those from vegetal sources. Despite the PDT is utilized for the treatment of psoriasis, very little amount of photosensitizers from plant sources are utilized, such as chlorophyll derivatives and hypericin; however, other natural photosensitizers such as curcumin, could also be investigated. They could constitute a very important, safe and cheap alternative for the successful photodynamic treatment of psoriasis.

Keywords:

Psoriasis, plant source, photo-activation, photosensitizer, skin, photodynamic therapy, topical application.

Affiliation:

Laboratory of Research and Development of Drug Delivery Systems, Postgraduate Program in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacy, State University of Maringa, Maringa, PR, Laboratory of Research and Development of Drug Delivery Systems, Postgraduate Program in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacy, State University of Maringa, Maringa, PR, Laboratory of Research and Development of Drug Delivery Systems, Postgraduate Program in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacy, State University of Maringa, Maringa, PR



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