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Oxidative Stress and Kidney Function: A Brief Update

[ Vol. 24 , Issue. 40 ]

Author(s):

Giuseppe Coppolino*, Giuseppe Leonardi, Michele Andreucci and Davide Bolignano   Pages 4794 - 4799 ( 6 )

Abstract:


In this review we summarized some information regarding the link between kidney and oxidative stress. Accruing evidences indicated the kidney as a fundamental organ in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. ROS are highly reactive and cause in single cells: protein alteration, DNA damage, cellular senescence and apoptosis; while the effect of ROS in biological tissues leads to a harmful oxidation effect on all their biochemical components: lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids. Oxidative stress plays a role in the pathophysiology of renal impairment and is a mediator of CKD progression; furthermore, during substitutive therapy with haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis and in case of transplantation, organism continues to be exposed to oxidation causing the development of major systemic comorbidities in particular cardiovascular diseases.

Keywords:

Oxidative stress, renal function, chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), reactive oxygen species (ROS), cellular senescence, carbohydrates.

Affiliation:

Department of Health Sciences, Magna Graecia University, Catanzaro, Department of Health Sciences, Magna Graecia University, Catanzaro, Department of Health Sciences, Magna Graecia University, Catanzaro, Institute of Clinical Physiology, CNR - Italian National Council of Research, Reggio Calabria



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