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Simulated Protein Thermal Detection (SPTD) for Enzyme Thermostability Study and an Application Example for Pullulanase from Bacillus deramificans

[ Vol. 24 , Issue. 34 ]

Author(s):

Jian-Xiu Li, Shu-Qing Wang, Qi-Shi Du*, Hang Wei, Xiao-Ming Li, Jian-Zong Meng, Qing-Yan Wang, Neng-Zhong Xie*, Ri-Bo Huang* and Kuo-Chen Chou   Pages 4023 - 4033 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Background: The relationship between protein structure and its bioactivity is one of the fundamental problems for protein engineering and pharmaceutical design.

Method: A new method, called SPTD (Simulated Protein Thermal Detection), was proposed for studying and improving the thermal stability of enzymes. The method was based on the evidence observed by conducting the MD (Molecular Dynamics) simulation for all the atoms of an enzyme vibrating from the velocity at a room temperature (e.g., 25°C) to the desired working temperature (e.g., 65°C). According to the recorded MD trajectories and the coordinate deviations of the constituent residues under the two different temperatures, some new strategies have been found that are useful for both drug delivery and starch industry.

Conclusion: The SPTD technique presented in this paper may become a very useful tool for pharmaceutical design and protein engineering.

Keywords:

Simulated protein thermal detection, B-factors, thermal stability, protein engineering, site-directed mutation, pullulanase, molecular dynamics.

Affiliation:

Life science and technology college, Sate key laboratory for conservation and utilization of subtropical agro-bioresources, Guangxi University, University road, Nanning, Guangxi, 530004, School of Pharmacy, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, State key Laboratory of Biomass Enzyme Technology, National Engineering Research Center for Non-food Biorefinery, Guangxi Academy of Sciences, Nanning, Guangxi 530007, Life science and technology college, Sate key laboratory for conservation and utilization of subtropical agro-bioresources, Guangxi University, University road, Nanning, Guangxi, 530004, Nanning Bioclone Biotechnology Co., Lid., No.62 , Gaoxin Avenue, Nanning, Guangxi 530007, Life science and technology college, Sate key laboratory for conservation and utilization of subtropical agro-bioresources, Guangxi University, University road, Nanning, Guangxi, 530004, State key Laboratory of Biomass Enzyme Technology, National Engineering Research Center for Non-food Biorefinery, Guangxi Academy of Sciences, Nanning, Guangxi 530007, State key Laboratory of Biomass Enzyme Technology, National Engineering Research Center for Non-food Biorefinery, Guangxi Academy of Sciences, Nanning, Guangxi 530007, Life science and technology college, Sate key laboratory for conservation and utilization of subtropical agro-bioresources, Guangxi University, University road, Nanning, Guangxi, 530004, Gordon Life Science Institute, Boston, MA 02478



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