Marko Banovic*, Jozef Bartunek, Serge D. Nikolic, Vladan Vukcevic, Srdjan Aleksandric and Bernard Iung Pages 4687 - 4695 ( 9 )
Efforts to develop and refine percutaneous approaches to cardiac valve repair and replacement have advanced rapidly over the past several years, having exceeded even the most optimistic expectations. New innovations have been predominantly directed toward the most frequent form of valvular heart disease (VHD) in the industrialized world; aortic stenosis (AS). Approximately 250,000 transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedures have been done so far addressing this significant medical need.
Because of the predominance of degenerative etiologies, the prevalence of VHD increases markedly in population above the age of 65 years, in particular with regard to severe AS. As the populations of the industrialized countries continue to be older, the need for less invasive and safer methods of treating severe AS will continue to grow.
In this review we provide comprehensive and up-to-date overview of TAVI in current clinical practice. We have also addressed dilemmas and unanswered questions related to TAVI procedures in different groups of patients and highlighted opportunities and trends related to future TAVI implementation.
Aortic stenosis, TAVI, future trends, cardiac valve, heart disease, aortic stenosis.
Cardiology Department, University Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Cardiovascular Center Aalst, OLV Hospital, Aalst, CDI, Redwood City, California, Cardiology Department, University Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Cardiology Department, University Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Cardiology Department, Bichat Hospital, AP-HP, DHU FIRE, and Paris-Diderot University, Paris