Akriti Rai, Kamal Shah and Hitesh Kumar Dewangan* Pages 3519 - 3531 ( 13 )
Contemporary medical research increasingly focuses on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to maintain homeostasis in healthy individuals and provide solutions for neurological disorders, including brain cancer. Specialized in vitro modules replicate the BBB's complex structure and signalling using micro-engineered perfusion devices and advanced 3D cell cultures, thus advancing the understanding of neuropharmacology. This research explores nanoparticle-based biomolecular engineering for precise control, targeting, and transport of theranostic payloads across the BBB using nanorobots. The review summarizes case studies on delivering therapeutics for brain tumors and neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and multiple sclerosis. It also examines the advantages and disadvantages of nano-robotics. In conclusion, integrating machine learning and AI with robotics aims to develop safe nanorobots capable of interacting with the BBB without adverse effects. This comprehensive review is valuable for extensive analysis and is of great significance to healthcare professionals, engineers specializing in robotics, chemists, and bioengineers involved in pharmaceutical development and neurological research, emphasizing transdisciplinary approaches.
Theranostic payloads, neurological disorders, nanoparticle-based engineering, nano-robotics, transdisciplinary research, artificial intelligence.