Call for Papers  

Article Details

Research Article

The Dosage Recommendation of Cyclosporin in Children with Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis based on Population Pharmacokinetic Model

[ Vol. 29 , Issue. 37 ]


Yang Yang, Ya-Feng Li, Ke Hu, Shi-Jia Zhang, Jia-Fang Cui, Xue-Ting Huang, Su-Mei He*, Dong-Dong Wang* and Xiao Chen*   Pages 2996 - 3004 ( 9 )


Objectives: Cyclosporin is one of the therapeutic regimens for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH); however, the optimal dosage of cyclosporine in children with HLH is unknown. It has been found that piperacillin-tazobactam affects the cyclosporine pharmacokinetic process in pediatric HLH patients. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to recommend cyclosporin dosage for pediatric HLH with and without piperacillin- tazobactam.

Methods: A previously established cyclosporine population pharmacokinetic model for pediatric HLH patients has been used in this study to recommend optimal dosage based on Monte Carlo simulation. The pediatric HLH patients have been included in eight weight groups (5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 kg) for sixteen dosages (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 mg/kg), split into one dose or two doses.

Results: The optimal cyclosporin dosages for children having HLH without piperacillin-tazobactam have been found to be 15, 13, 12, 11, 10, and 9 mg/kg, split into two doses for weights of 5-7, 7-10, 10-20, 20-28, 28-45, and 45-70 kg, respectively. For children with HLH, optimal cyclosporin dosages with piperacillin-tazobactam have been found to be 8 and 7 mg/kg, split into two doses for weights of 5-20 and 20-70 kg, respectively.

Conclusion: It is the first time that the cyclosporin dosage regimens for HLH in children have been developed based on Monte Carlo simulation, and the initial dosage optimizations of cyclosporine in pediatric HLH patients have been recommended.


Cyclosporine, dosage recommendation, pediatric hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, piperacillin-tazobactam, Monte Carlo simulation, pharmacokinetic model.


Read Full-Text article