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Research Article

Non-synonymous Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Human <i>ACE2</i> Gene May Affect the Infectivity of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron Subvariants

[ Vol. 29 , Issue. 36 ]


Arijit Samanta, Ashif Ahamed, Syed Sahajada Mahafujul Alam, Safdar Ali, Mohd. Shahnawaz Khan, Abdulaziz M. Al-Amri, Shams Tabrez and Mehboob Hoque*   Pages 2891 - 2901 ( 11 )


Background: The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which first appeared in December 2019. Angiotensin I converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor, present on the host cells, interacts with the receptor binding domain (RBD) of spike (S) protein of SARS-CoV-2 and facilitates the viral entry into host cells.

Methods: Non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) in the ACE2 gene may have an impact on the protein's stability and its function. The deleterious or harmful nsSNPs of the ACE2 gene that can change the strength as well as the pattern of interaction with the RBD of S protein were selected for this study.

Results: The ACE2:RBD interactions were analyzed by protein-protein docking study. The missense mutations A242V, R708W, G405E, D292N, Y633C, F308L, and G405E in ACE2 receptor were found to interact with RBD of Omicron subvariants with stronger binding affinity. Among the other selected nsSNPs of human ACE2 (hACE2), R768W, Y654S, F588S, R710C, R710C, A191P, and R710C were found to have lower binding affinity for RBD of Omicron subvariants.

Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that the nsSNPs present in the human ACE2 gene alter the structure and function of the protein and, consequently, the susceptibility to Omicron subvariants.


SARS-CoV-2, ACE2, RBD, S protein, non-synonymous SNP, Omicron subvariants.


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