Lizhen Wu, Jinying Liu, Chongbo Zheng, Haijuan Ma, Xingling Cao, Zhihua Huang and Keqiang Tian* Pages 1 - 8 ( 8 )
Introduction: The incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has increased in recent years. Hepatic fibrosis (HF) is an important step in the progression of NAFLD to cirrhosis and even carcinoma and is also recognized as a possible reversal phase.
Aims: We previously found that the aqueous extract of Sedum Lineare Thunb. has hepatoprotective effects. This study investigated the hepatoprotective effect and mechanism of the Sedum Lineare Thunb. n-butanol phase (SLNP) on HF in rats.
Methods: Animals were intraperitoneally injected with thioacetamide solution twice a week for 8 weeks to prepare an HF model and were administered the corresponding drugs or an equal volume of normal saline by intragastric administration once a day for 8 weeks. Liver function, hydroxyproline and malondialdehyde (MDA) content, superoxide dismutase (SOD), Na+-K+-ATPase, and Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase were analyzed using colorimetric methods. Moreover, mRNA expression and protein levels in the liver tissue were detected via quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively.
Results: The results showed that SLNP could effectively improve the liver function of rats with HF and significantly reduce the content of hydroxyproline; the mRNA expression and protein levels of alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen I, III, and IV, transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), Smad2/3, and Smad4 were also significantly reduced. Simultaneously, SLNP significantly increased the activities of SOD, Na+-K+- ATPase, and Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase in the rat liver tissues, whereas it reduced the levels of MDA and SOD in the serum and liver tissues.
Conclusion: This study revealed that SLNP elicits an anti-fibrotic effect by inhibiting oxidative stress and suppressing stellate cell activation, thereby reducing the formation and deposition of the extracellular matrix. The TGF-β1/SMADs signaling pathway may be involved in this process.
Hepatic fibrosis,SLNP,Extracellular matrix,Oxidative stress,TGF-?1/Smads signaling pathway