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Research Article

miR-628-5p is a Potential Novel Prognosis Biomarker, Associated with Immune Infiltration in Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma

[ Vol. 29 , Issue. 31 ]


Hong Huang, Qingchun Xu, Yonghai Zhang*, Yizhou Zhou, Kaiqun Ma and Yingxun Luo   Pages 2477 - 2488 ( 12 )


Background: microRNA-628-5p (miR-628-5p) has a significant impact on certain types of cancer. The precise function of miR-628-5p in the context of bladder urothelial carcinoma (BLCA) remains ambiguous.

Objective: We aimed to investigate the role of miR-628-5p in BLCA.

Methods: The samples were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Statistics were employed to evaluate the correlation and predictive significance of miR-628-5p. We analyzed the target genes and regulatory network of miR-628-5p and the correlation between miR-628-5p and immune infiltration. The expression of miR-628-5p in BLCA cells was confirmed by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (qRT-PCR).

Results: miR-628-5p exhibited differential expression across various types of cancer. There was a significant association between high expression of miR-628-5p and primary therapy outcome (p < 0.05). High expression of miR-628-5p was observed to be associated with poorer overall survival (HR: 1.42; 95% CI: 1.06-1.90; p = 0.02), progress free survival (HR: 1.57; 95% CI: 1.17-2.11; p = 0.003), and disease specific survival (HR: 1.83; 95% CI: 1.28-2.62; p = 0.001) in BLCA. miR-628-5p was an independent prognostic factor in BLCA and may be involved in the development of the disease through various pathways, including focal adhesion, ECM-receptor interaction, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, and MAPK signaling pathway, and among others. miR-628-5p expression was significantly correlated with immune infiltration in BLCA patients. Compared to normal bladder epithelial cells, BLCA cell lines exhibited a significant upregulation of miR-628-5p.

Conclusion: It is possible that miR-628-5p could serve as a hopeful therapeutic target and prognostic biomarker for individuals with BLCA.


microRNA-628-5p, bladder urothelial carcinoma (BLCA), prognosis, immune infiltration, gene expression, pathway, PI3K-Akt.


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