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Mini-Review Article

Natural Alternatives to Non-biodegradable Polymers in 3D Printing of Pharmaceuticals

[ Vol. 29 , Issue. 29 ]


Ayush Somwanshi, Pankaj Wadhwa*, Amir Raza, Sharwan Hudda, Muskan Magan and Kanav Khera   Pages 2281 - 2290 ( 10 )


Background: Due to potential toxicity, non-biodegradable polymers used in 3D (3-dimensional) printing of drugs could be dangerous for patient safety and the environment.

Objective: This review aims to investigate the toxicity of non-biodegradable polymers and investigate the use of natural materials as an alternative in 3D printing medicines. The study evaluates the dangers connected to 3D printing.

Methods: A review of the literature on various 3D printing processes, such as inkjet printing, fused filament manufacturing, and extrusion-related 3DP systems, was done for this study. Also, the use of cellulose derivatives and natural materials in 3D printing and their potential as active excipients was proposed.

Results: The review identified potential toxicity risks linked to non-biodegradable polymers used in drug 3D printing. As a potential fix for this issue, the use of natural materials with improved mechanical and thermal properties was explored. The use of cellulose derivatives as an alternative to non-biodegradable polymers in 3D printing pharmaceuticals was also investigated in the study.

Conclusion: This study emphasises the significance of evaluating the risks connected to drug 3D printing and recommends using natural materials as an alternative to non-biodegradable polymers. More study is required to create secure and reliable 3D printing processes for pharmaceuticals.


Additive manufacturing, active excipient, non-biodegradable, natural materials, patient safety, 3D printing technique.


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