Fengyu Zhang, Meidi Zhang, Xin Yuan, Yulian Tao and Ju Wang* Pages 2091 - 2100 ( 10 )
Background: Lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) is a subtype of lung cancer with a poor prognosis and limited treatment options. Previous studies show that some components of the cholinergic pathway may play important roles in the tumorigenesis of lung cancer, including LUSC.
Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the involvement of cholinergic genes in immune infiltration in LUSC, and identify the key genes in the pathway and analyze their potential as targets for LUSC treatment and novel drugs.
Methods: We first screened the cholinergic genes associated with immune infiltration in LUSC based on transcriptomic samples and explored the correlation between the key genes and immune infiltrating cells and immune pathways. Then, we assessed the effect of immunotherapeutic response in the high and low-expression groups of key genes in vitro. And finally, we screened potential drugs for the treatment of LUSC.
Results: We found that the expression of CHRNA6, the gene encoding the α6 subunit of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR), was significantly correlated with the proportion of immune infiltrating cells in LUSC, and the high expression level of the gene was associated with poor prognosis of the disease. Also, the proportion of Tregs, M1 macrophages, and resting mast cells was correlated with the expression of CHRNA6. In addition, LUSC patients with higher CHRNA6 expression levels had better immunotherapy responses. Furthermore, we found that the drugs, i.e., adavosertib, varbulin and pyrazoloacridine, had a strong affinity with CHRNA6, with adavosertib binding most stably with the protein.
Conclusion: CHRNA6 may be associated with immune infiltration in LUSC and affects patient prognosis and immunotherapeutic response by regulating immune cells and immune pathways. In addition, adavosertib may be a potential drug for the treatment of LUSC.
Cholinergic system, CHRNA6, lung squamous cell carcinoma, immune infiltration, immunotherapy, drug screening.