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Review Article

Understanding the Molecular Aspects of Vitamins in Parkinson’s Disease: Present-day Concepts and Perspectives

[ Vol. 29 , Issue. 19 ]


Tapan Behl*, Piyush Madaan, Aayush Sehgal, Hafiz A. Makeen, Mohammed Albratty, Hassan A. Alhazmi, Abdulkarim M. Meraya, Md. Khalid Anwer and Raman Verma   Pages 1467 - 1485 ( 19 )


Parkinson’s disease (PD) is designated as a convoluted nerve cell devastating disorder that encompasses the profound declination of dopaminergic (DArgic) nerve cells of the mesencephalon region. The condition is sketched by four eminent motor manifestations, namely, slow movement, muscle tension, shaking, and disrupted balance, but the pathology behind these manifestations is still vague. Modern-day medicinal treatment emphasizes curbing the manifestations via introducing a gold standard (levodopa) instead of forestalling the DArgic nerve cell destruction. Therefore, the invention and utilization of novel neuroprotective candidates are of paramount importance in overcoming PD. Vitamins are organic molecules engaged in the modulation of evolution, procreation, biotransformation, and other operations of the body. Numerous studies employing varying experimental models have promulgated a prominent linkage between vitamins and PD. Vitamins, owing to their antioxidant and gene expression modulation abilities, might be efficacious in PD therapy. Recent corroborations depict that adequate augmentation of vitamins might de-escalate the manifestations and emergence of PD; however, the safety of daily vitamin intake must be considered. By assembling the comprehensive information obtained from existing publications via searching various renowned medical portals, the investigators render in-depth insights into the physiological association amongst vitamins (D, E, B3, and C) and PD and concerned pathological processes and their safeguarding actions in varied PD models. Furthermore, the manuscript delineates the remedial aptitude of vitamins in PD therapy. Conclusively, augmentation of vitamins (owing to their antioxidant and gene expression regulation capabilities) might appear as a novel and terribly efficacious ancillary therapeutic approach for PD.


Parkinson’s disease, dopaminergic, levodopa, vitamins, antioxidant, neuroprotective.


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