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Review Article

Human-derived Biomaterials for Biomedical and Tissue Engineering Applications

[ Vol. 29 , Issue. 8 ]


Arun Kumar Singh, Sonali Sundram and Rishabha Malviya*   Pages 584 - 603 ( 20 )


Biomaterials have been utilised since the dawn of time to aid wound healing and to try to restore damaged tissues and organs. Many different materials are now commercially accessible for maintaining and restoring biological functioning, and many more are being researched. New biomaterials have to be developed to meet growing clinical demands. The aim of this study is to propose innovative biomaterials of human origin and their recent applications in tissue engineering and the biomedical field. Recent trends in tissue engineering are summarized in this review highlighting the use of stem cells, 3D printing techniques, and the most recent application of biomaterials to produce a dynamic scaffold resembling natural tissue. Various literature survey was carried out using PubMed, Scopus, Elsevier, google scholar, and others and it was summarized from the study that the extracellular matrix (ECM) offers the opportunity to create a biomaterial consisting of a microenvironment with interesting biological and biophysical properties for improving and regulating cell functions. Based on the literature study, biomaterials have become increasingly important to the development of tissue engineering, which aims to unlock the regeneration capacity of human tissues/organs in a state of degeneration and restore or reestablish normal biological function. Biomaterials have also become increasingly important to the success of biomedical devices. Hence, it can be concluded from the finding of the study that the advances in the understanding of biomaterials and their role in new tissue formation can open new prospects in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.


Tissue engineering, biomaterials, cellular material, biomedicine, therapeutics, bioengineering.


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