Qin-Wen Wen, Chong-Jing Chen, Han-Qing Zhang, Hang Yu, Zhen Zeng, Ting Jin, Ting-Hui Wang, Wen Qin, Hua Huang, Xiu-Di Wu* and Han Cen* Pages 3167 - 3173 ( 7 )
Background: Emerging evidence indicates that microRNA (miRNA)-related genetic polymorphisms are strongly involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of the expression of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics- related genes, therefore contributing to the genetic variability of drug response.
Objective: To investigate the associations of miRNA-related genetic polymorphisms, including miRNA-5189 rs562929801, miRNA-595 rs4909237, SLCO1A2 rs4149009 and MTHFR rs3737966, and clinical response to methotrexate in Chinese rheumatoid arthritis patients.
Methods: One hundred patients treated with MTX for approximately 3 months were prospectively followed up to evaluate the clinical response according to European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) good and moderate response, disease activity score in 28 joint counts - erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) low disease activity (LDA) and remission (REM), change in DAS28-ESR (ΔDAS28-ESR) and ΔDAS28-ESR > 0.6. Genetic polymorphisms were genotyped utilizing the HI-SNP technology.
Results: Of the 100 patients with a mean age of 52.23 ± 12.71 years, 81 patients were female (81.00%). After adjusting potential confounders, the major allele of miRNA-5189 rs562929801 was found to be significantly associated with EULAR response (A/A + A/G versus G/G, RR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.67-0.99, P = 0.04) and ΔDAS28-ESR > 0.6 under dominant model (A/A + A/G versus G/G, RR = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.71-0.98, P = 0.03). However, nonsignificant evidence was detected for the remaining three miRNA-related genetic polymorphisms in neither univariable analysis nor multivariable analysis.
Conclusion: Our results indicated that miRNA-5189 rs562929801 was significantly associated with clinical response to MTX, and this association warrants further replication studies with larger sample sizes.
Rheumatoid arthritis, methotrexate, miRNA-5189, miRNA-595, SLCO1A2, MTHFR, polymorphism, clinical response.