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Research Article

Construction of Circadian Clock Signature for Tumor Microenvironment in Predicting Survival for Cutaneous Melanoma

[ Vol. 28 , Issue. 28 ]


Ni Zeng, Qingyue Xia, Yueyue Li, Liwen Ma, Yuxin Cheng, Yihe Chen, Qian Lu, Zhiyu Lu, Di Wu and Dan Luo*   Pages 2349 - 2361 ( 13 )


Objective: We explored circadian clock-related genes (CCRG) to establish a risk model and identify associations with the tumor immune microenvironment in cutaneous melanoma (CM).

Methods: Circadian clock genes were downloaded from Circadian Gene Database. To explore CM-related circadian clock genes, we combined multivariate cox regression associated with least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and validated it in the GSE65904 dataset. Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and Kaplan-Meier analysis were calculated to determine a CCRG risk score model. In addition, the overall survival nomograms of clinicopathological factors and circadian clock-related gene signatures. Additionally, we evaluated the connection between circadian clock-related genes with immune checkpoint inhibitors and immune cell infiltration.

Results: Two circadian clock-related signatures were established. The risk model included SEMA4D (p<0.001, HR: 0.709, 95% CI: 0.581 to 0.867) and SOD-2 (p=0.009, HR: 0.790, 95% CI: 0.663 to 0.944) in patients with TCGA melanoma. The risk model was based on two CCRGs enriched in base excision repair, glycosylphosphatidyl (GPI), and one carbon of the folate pathway. The overall survival was lower in the high-risk group. In addition, the circadian-clock signature may be able to evaluate the immunotherapy response.

Conclusions: We developed and validated a circadian signature to characterize the clinical significance and tumor microenvironment of cutaneous melanoma, revealing that circadian rhythms may impact cutaneous melanoma.


Cutaneous melanoma, circadian clock-related genes, immune Infiltration, prognosis, signature, tumor microenvironment.


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