Md. Sohel, Habiba Sultana, Tayeba Sultana, Abdullah Al Mamun, Mohammad Nurul Amin, Md. Arju Hossain, Md. Chayan Ali, Suraiya Aktar, Armin Sultana, Zahed Bin Rahim, Sarmistha Mitra and Raju Dash* Pages 1561 - 1580 ( 20 )
Prostate cancer remains one of the most frequent and deadliest malignancies in males, where the rate of disease progression is closely associated with the type of dietary intake, specifically a Western-style diet. Indeed intake of the Asian diet, which contains abundant phytoestrogens, is inversely correlated with a higher risk of prostate cancer, suggesting a chemoprotective effect of phytoestrogen against cancer progression. Although the role of phytoestrogens in cancer treatment has been well documented, their impact on prostate cancer is not well understood. Therefore, the present review discusses the possible chemopreventive effect of phytoestrogens, emphasizing their efficacy at the different stages of carcinogenesis. Furthermore, phytoestrogens provide a cytoprotective effect in conventional chemotherapy and enhance chemosensitivity to tumor cells, which have also been discussed. This compilation provides a solid basis for future research on phytoestrogens as a promising avenue for anticancer drug development and also recommends these beneficiary compounds in the daily diet to manage and prevent prostate cancer.
Phytoestrogens, prostate cancer, anticancer effect, drug resistance, nano-formulation, synergism.