Sara Salatin*, Ahad Bazmani, Shahriar Shahi*, Behrooz Naghili, Mohammad Yousef Memar and Solmaz Maleki Dizaj Pages 1419 - 1432 ( 14 )
Nowadays, there is an urgent need to discover and develop long-term and effective antimicrobial and biofilm-inhibiting compounds. Employing combination therapies using novel drug delivery systems and also natural antimicrobial substances is a promising strategy in this field. Nanoparticles (NPs)-based materials have become well appreciated in recent times due to their function as antimicrobial agents or carriers for promoting the bioavailability and effectiveness of antibiotics. Flavonoids belong to the promising groups of bioactive compounds abundantly found in fruits, vegetables, spices, and medicinal plants with strong antimicrobial features. Flavonoids and NPs have the potential to work as alternatives to the conventional antimicrobial agents, when used alone as well as in combination. Different classes of flavonoid NPs may be particularly advantageous in treating microbial infections. The most important antimicrobial mechanisms of flavonoid NPs include oxidative stress induction, non-oxidative mechanisms, and metal ion release. However, the efficacy of flavonoid NPs against pathogens and drug-resistant pathogens changes according to their physicochemical characteristics as well as the particular structure of microbial cell wall and enzymatic composition. In this review, we provide an outlook on the antimicrobial mechanism of flavonoid-based NPs and the crucial factors involved in it.
Flavonoids, nanoparticles, antimicrobial, antibacterial, infection, multidrug-resistant bacteria, pathogens.