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Review Article

Strategies for Targeting KRAS: A Challenging Drug Target

[ Vol. 28 , Issue. 23 ]


Abdul Wadood*, Amar Ajmal and Ashfaq Ur Rehman   Pages 1897 - 1901 ( 5 )


In the developed world, cancer is the most common cause of death. Among the 36 human genes of the RAS family, KRAS, NRAS, and HRAS play a prominent role in human cancer. KRAS belongs to the Ras superfamily of proteins and is a small GTPase signal transduction protein. Among the RAS isoform, KRAS is the dominant mutant that induces approximately 86% of the RAS mutations. The most frequently mutated KRAS isoform is KRAS4B. About 90% of pancreatic cancer, 30-40% of colon cancer, and 15 to 20% of lung cancers are caused by mutations KRAS4B isoform. Liver cancer, bladder cancer, breast cancer, and myeloid leukaemia are also caused by mutations in KRAS but are rare. The FDA has recently approved sotorasib for the treatement of KRASG12C-mutated advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, no FDAapproved drugs are available for other KRAS-driven cancer. As the KRAS proteins lack a druggable pocket accessible to the chemical inhibitors, the cancer-causing mutant proteins are almost identical to their essential wild-type counterparts. Therefore, they are considered undruggable. The new insights into the structure and function of RAS have changed this understanding and encouraged the development of many drug candidates. This review provides information about the different strategies for targeting KRAS, a challenging drug target that might be valuable for the scientific community.


KRAS oncogene, KRAS signalling, KRAS structure, targeted therapy, KRAS4B isoform, drug target.


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