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General Review Article

Factors Influencing Adherence to Antipsychotic Medications in Women with Delusional Disorder: A Narrative Review

[ Vol. 28 , Issue. 15 ]


Alexandre González-Rodríguez, José A. Monreal and Mary V. Seeman*   Pages 1282 - 1293 ( 12 )


Background: Adherence to medication regimens is of great importance in psychiatry because drugs sometimes need to be taken for long durations in order to maintain health and function.

Objective: This study aimed to review influences on adherence to antipsychotic medications, the treatment of choice for the delusional disorder (DD), and to focus on adherence in women with DD.

Methods: This is a non-systematic narrative review of papers published since 2000 using PubMed and Google Scholar, focusing on women with DD and medication adherence.

Results: Several factors have been identified as exerting influence on adherence in women with persistent delusional symptoms who are treated with antipsychotics. Personality features, intensity of delusion, perception of adverse effects, and cognitive impairment are patient factors. Clinical time spent with the patient, clarity of communication, and regular drug monitoring are responsibilities of the health provider. Factors that neither patient nor clinician can control are the social determinants of health, such as poverty, easy access to healthcare, and cultural variables.

Conclusion: There has been little investigation of factors that influence adherence in the target population, e.g., women with DD. Preliminary results of this literature search indicate that solutions from outside the field of DD may apply to this population. Overall, a solid therapeutic alliance appears to be the best hedge against nonadherence.


Delusional disorder, psychosis, women, medication adherence, compliance, psychiatric illness.


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