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General Research Article

Effect and Mechanism of the Lenvatinib@H-MnO<sub>2</sub>-FA Drug Delivery System in Targeting Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

[ Vol. 28 , Issue. 9 ]


Zhouyu Ning, Lina Yang, Xia Yan, Dan Wang, Yongqiang Hua, Weidong Shi, Junhua Lin and Zhiqiang Meng*   Pages 743 - 750 ( 8 )


Background: To investigate the effects of the Lenvatinib@H-MnO2-FA administration system on the proliferation and apoptosis of Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and the underlying molecular mechanism.

Materials and Methods: In this research, hollow MnO2 (H-MnO2) was synthesized via the modified Stöber method, and H-MnO2 was modified with polyethylene glycol-bis (Amine) (NH2-PEG-NH2) and folic acid (FA) to obtain H-MnO2-PEG-FA (H-MnO2-FA). Lenvatinib was coated in the hollow cavity of H-MnO2-PEG-FA to further form a nanometre drug-carrying system (Lenvatinib@H-MnO2-PEG-FA). Lenvatinib@H-MnO2-FA was characterized through transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to verify that Lenvatinib was loaded on nanoparticles. Functionally, confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), 2-(4-Amidinophenyl)-6-indolecarbamidine dihydrochloride (DAPI) staining, and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay were performed to determine the effect of Lenvatinib@H-MnO2-FA on the proliferation and apoptosis of ICC cells (9810 cells). Finally, the protein levels of Raf-1MEK1/2-ERK1/2 signalling pathway components were detected through Western blotting analysis.

Results: We successfully synthesised a Lenvatinib@H-MnO2-PEG-FA administration system. The resulting nanomaterials had excellent biological stability and improved targeting effects. Functionally, Lenvatinib@ H-MnO2-FA inhibited the proliferation of 9810 cells. The Bcl-2 protein level was significantly downregulated, and the caspase-3 protein level was significantly upregulated, indicating that Lenvatinib@H-MnO2- PEG- FA promoted the apoptosis of 9810 cells. Mechanistically, Lenvatinib@H-MnO2-FA increased the phosphorylation levels of Raf, MEK1/2, and ERK1/2.

Conclusion: H-MnO2-FA can more effectively deliver Lenvatinib to inhibit proliferation and promote apoptosis in ICC, which could be the promising drug delivery nano-vehicles for delivery drugs.


Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, H-MnO<sub>2</sub>-FA, Lenvatinib, proliferation, apoptosis, Raf-1MEK1/2-ERK1/2.


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