Mengyang Liu, Jingyuan Wen and Manisha Sharma* Pages 3203 - 3217 ( 15 )
Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) have shown potential as a novel lipid-based drug delivery system for the topical applications of innumerable therapeutic compounds. However, the mechanisms governing the absorption and cellular uptake of SLNs through topical route, along with the mechanism of drug release from SLNs are still ambiguous, and require further investigation. In addition, the selection of an appropriate dosage form/formulation base is essential for ease of application of SLNs and to enhance dermal and transdermal delivery. Upscaling and regulatory approvals are other challenges that may impede the clinical translation of SLNs. Therefore, this review focusses on different mechanisms involved in skin penetration and cellular uptake of SLNs. This is followed by a comprehensive discussion on the physicochemical properties of SLNs including various formulation and dosage form factors, which might influence the absorption of SLNs through the skin. Finally, translational status with respect to scale-up and regulatory aspects are also discussed. This review will be useful to researchers with an interest in topical applications of SLNs for the efficient delivery of drugs and cosmetics.
Solid lipid nanoparticles, topical delivery, skin penetration, cellular uptake, endocytosis, drug release mechanism, formulation factors.
School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland