Mirena Dobreva*, Stefan Stefanov and Velichka Andonova Pages 4524 - 4535 ( 12 )
Background: Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) and nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) are useful drug delivery systems for dermal application. Thanks to their biocompatible and biodegradable profile, these carriers offer many advantages such as enhanced bioavailability, low toxicity, viable drug targeting and controlled release. SLN and NLC are composed of well-tolerated lipids, including natural fats and oils that are successfully used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic dermal formulation.
Objective: This article presents an overview of the benefits of selecting natural fats and oils as structural components of SLN and NLC for topical application.
Methods: This review is based on data published over the past 20 years about the development of stable and nontoxic lipid nanoparticles with natural lipids. We shed light on the role of natural fats in skin restoration, as well as on the contributed penetration and occlusive properties of SLN and NLC.
Results: The deliberate selection of excipients (type and lipid ratio) influences the quality of the final dermal formulation. Natural lipids show good compatibility with different active molecules and are able to create stable lipid matrices that facilitate the biopharmaceutical properties of lipid nanoparticles. Patents involving natural fats and oils in SLN and NLC composition are listed, yet it is important to note that the approved marketed formulations are mainly cosmetic, not pharmaceutical, products.
Conclusion: Natural lipids can enhance topical drug delivery by adding their ability of improving skin penetration and hydration to the permeation and occlusion properties of SLN and NLC.
Dermal application, fats, recrystallization behavior, skin penetration, skin hydration, vegetable oils, waxes.
Department of Pharmaceutical Technologies, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Varna, Varna, Department of Pharmaceutical Technologies, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Varna, Varna, Department of Pharmaceutical Technologies, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Varna, Varna